Geographic and historical context
Khodynskoe Pole is one of the few truly iconic territories on the map of Moscow. A hundred years ago, the first airfield in the capital was opened here; in the middle of the last century, a central aviation hub was created in its place, which determined the development of the entire north-western part of the city for years to come. Today, Khodynskoye Pole hosts one of the largest Moscow parks built in the post-Soviet period.
The modern history of the Khodynskoye Pole began in 1882, when the All-Russian Art and Industrial Exhibition opened here. It was then that this space first began to play as an important city platform. Almost two decades later, in 1910, the first airfield in Moscow, later the Frunze Central Airfield, opened on Khodynskoye Pole. The turning point in the fate of this place was June 17, 1910, when the Aeronautics Society, together with the Moscow Military District, decided to give part of Khodynka to the airfield. The location turned out to be ideal for the development of a new type of transport communication: not far from the city center, near the main transport hubs, and, moreover, it is well equipped.
In the early 1920s, on the basis of Khodynka, it was decided to develop a central aviation hub following the example of many European capitals. At this time, many competitive projects for air terminals appeared, one of them was developed by the famous architects Ilya and Panteleimon Golosov, but it was not possible to implement it: the terminal building was built only in 1931. It was Khodynka that became a literal "window to Europe" for Russia: on May 3, 1922, the first international civil flight on the route Moscow - Konigsberg - Berlin was made from the Central Aerodrome. In the future, planes were sent from here to all major cities of the Soviet Union and Europe. After the crash of the ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky" aircraft on the Sokol summer cottage in 1935, it was decided to stop using the Khodynskoye field as a passenger airfield. Since then, only official flights have been carried out here.
The Khodynka Gallery program is rooted in the unique historical context of the Khodynskoye Pole area and acts as a new "window to Europe" using the metaphor of an airfield and an aviation hub to launch the careers of young artists and curators and implement international cultural exchange programs. Curator, Artistic Director of the Gallery
Director, gallery manager